Ingredients: Gin or vodka, dry vermouth, orange bitters (optional for gin, not necessary for vodka)
2 oz gin
1 oz dry vermouth
Add contents to ice-filled mixing glass or metal shaker. Stir, don’t shake, for about 10 seconds. Strain into a coupe or cocktail glass and garnish with a lemon peel.
Backstory: The exact origin of the martini is unclear. A popular theory suggests it evolved from a cocktail called the Martinez which was a popular local libation served sometime in the early 1860s at the Occidental Hotel in San Francisco, which people frequented before taking an evening ferry to the nearby town of Martinez, California. At the same time, an Italian vermouth brand called Martini rose, which may lend the drink its name. Martini is a drink so simple that every Martini lover eventually settles on their own preferred recipe, whether it’s one that’s super-dry, way-dirty, on the rocks or off.